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Old 09-21-2021, 01:31 AM   #1
chev-obsession
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AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

I am wiring in a stock Denso (new replacement) ac compressor, and wiring the compressor with a trinary switch. In the research Iíve gathered on this I think Iíve drawn this correctly. Since this is my first time doing this task I am hoping someone can tell me if Iíve done it right or what Iíve done wrong/you would do instead. Hoping there is people with more experience than what I have in this department before wiring it in so itís done right the first time.

The company who went through the harness left the green/white wire labeled ďAC CompressorĒ and a grey/black wire labeled ďAC RequestĒ. I attached a copy of how the trinary switch manufacture recommends it be installed. I basically replaced the ac thermostat switch with the compressor relay, and using the ac switch in the cab to trigger the relay.

Any help is appreciated
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Old 09-21-2021, 11:51 AM   #2
Davidf
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

Where is the ECM in your diagram? You want the ECM to control the compressor so that the added load on the engine is compensated for by the ECM. Usually a/c request is straight to ECM (through HP cutout switch) and the ECM output (pin 43, ground output) goes through the relay. Fan request is via the ECM as well. Why do you need a trinary switch? If you want fans on when a/c compressor is on, then just wire the fans through another relay in series to the a/c compressor relay (a/c relay triggers fan relay).

Note: Your a/c on/off wire (from control panel) IS the a/c request wire.

https://lt1swap.com/99-02acwiring.gif

Last edited by Davidf; 09-21-2021 at 12:00 PM.
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Old 09-21-2021, 10:43 PM   #3
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

Iím using a trinary switch because it will turn the ac compressor on and off at set pressures plus turn the electric fan on.

I think i solved my question, let me know what you guys think.
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Old 09-24-2021, 03:29 PM   #4
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

That switch will help to keep the compressor from becoming a grenade and what he CO said.
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Old 09-27-2021, 10:40 AM   #5
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

I still think a lot of functionality is missing. With this (above) wiring diagram, ECM control of the compressor is not present. Why not some form of:

A/C on/off from fan switch ->HP cutout on back of compressor ->ECM pin #17 (a/c request).

ECM pin #43 (ground output) -> compressor relay -> compressor

a/c LP cycling switch (or trinary switch, low side, I suppose) -> ECM pin #55

Condenser fans can be triggered by the compressor relay above so they come on whenever the a/c is on...good practice. Or, you can use fan 1 or 2 output from the ECM. Tell your tuner to trigger the fan output with the a/c request.

Last edited by Davidf; 09-27-2021 at 05:30 PM.
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Old 09-27-2021, 05:11 PM   #6
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

going thru the same process of getting my ac working. when I got my harness back from the rebuilder he left a wire on it saying AC. I called and asked why he left it on there because I said no to ac on the build. He said they made a mistake just ignore it. Now I am wondering if he didn't do me a favor by leaving it. My question is is this wire connect to 12v or a ground or does it connect to the compressor and the compressor tell the ECM to increase rpms to handle the extra load. or connect to a relay terminal. Assume it is pin#17.
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Old 09-27-2021, 05:34 PM   #7
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

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Originally Posted by kglowacky View Post
going thru the same process of getting my ac working. when I got my harness back from the rebuilder he left a wire on it saying AC. I called and asked why he left it on there because I said no to ac on the build. He said they made a mistake just ignore it. Now I am wondering if he didn't do me a favor by leaving it. My question is is this wire connect to 12v or a ground or does it connect to the compressor and the compressor tell the ECM to increase rpms to handle the extra load. or connect to a relay terminal. Assume it is pin#17.
More than likely, he left you the a/c request line from/to pin #17 of the ECM. Most people wire the a/c request line together with the compressor wire (see above diagram by OP). The problem is that ECM is not controlling the compressor but rather the compressor request is controlling the ECM and telling it to increase idle due to the extra load. But, it really is too late at this point and you will feel dips in the idle speed.

On the other hand, if you let the ECM control the compressor, then the ECM anticipates the added load and compensates almost imperceptibly. And, the ECM can cut out the compressor as necessary such as during starting and full throttle, etc.

For ECM control of the compressor, ECM pin #43 must control the compressor. Pin #43 is a ground output and must only be used to control a relay.

Last edited by Davidf; 09-27-2021 at 05:42 PM.
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Old 09-27-2021, 05:37 PM   #8
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

Quote:
Originally Posted by kglowacky View Post
going thru the same process of getting my ac working. when I got my harness back from the rebuilder he left a wire on it saying AC. I called and asked why he left it on there because I said no to ac on the build. He said they made a mistake just ignore it. Now I am wondering if he didn't do me a favor by leaving it. My question is is this wire connect to 12v or a ground or does it connect to the compressor and the compressor tell the ECM to increase rpms to handle the extra load. or connect to a relay terminal. Assume it is pin#17.
I canít answer the second half, Iím not an expert in the wiring harness stuff like some of the other guys on here are. If the wire he left in is green/white, it goes to the compressor, and not to the pcm (is the way I understand it) itís more work to completely remove the wire and even more work to add it later if you changed your mind.

Did he leave the factory plug for the ac compressor on your harness?
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Old 09-28-2021, 02:16 AM   #9
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

Would like control fans and AC as Davidf is pointing to. From my research this will not work with the e67 ecm.
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Old 09-28-2021, 08:32 AM   #10
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

I have a Vintage Air setup and use the trinary switch as they suggest. The fans only kick on when a set pressure is reached not just when you turn the AC on. I have never had any problems with idle. I have the AC request wire in my harness as well, but it is not being used.
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Old 10-13-2021, 11:54 PM   #11
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

I am adding a low pressure cut out switch since the compressor is not cycling and freezing the evaporator. This is an updated diagram that I am asking Ls1nova71 to look at and verify. I moved the AC Request wire to terminal 87 on the compressor relay. I did that so the idle is bumped up only when the compressor clutch is on.
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Old 10-14-2021, 05:08 AM   #12
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

That looks like it should work. The only thing I'm not positive about is the back feeding 12v to the AC request wire as I have never hooked one up that way, but I have heard it may bump the idle a bit, but again I have no first hand knowledge of it.
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Old 10-14-2021, 10:12 AM   #13
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Cool Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

I tried....

Do this, you don't need a trinary switch. Trigger the fan relay off of the compressor relay. Ignore PCM pins 33 and 11.

[IMG][/IMG]
Photo courtesy of lt1swap.com

Last edited by Davidf; 10-14-2021 at 02:17 PM.
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Old 10-15-2021, 11:42 PM   #14
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Re: AC compressor relay and Trinary switch wiring question

Quote:
Originally Posted by ls1nova71 View Post
That looks like it should work. The only thing I'm not positive about is the back feeding 12v to the AC request wire as I have never hooked one up that way, but I have heard it may bump the idle a bit, but again I have no first hand knowledge of it.
Thank you
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